The greenhouse effect is a reason for increasing the temperature of the world. Our climate is changing. Temperatures, in general, are increasing. Because of the greenhouse effect on the planet, sea levels are rising. The ice is melting at the North and South Poles. The greenhouse effect is one of the reasons. But what is this? At first, we have to know what the greenhouse is.
A greenhouse is normally something useful. It helps us grow things like tomatoes out of season. That is because it is nice and warm inside. In a greenhouse sunlight enters and visible light penetrates the glass. This is partly absorbed by the plants in the soil and partly reflected on the outside has invisible heat radiation. As a result, temperatures rise inside the greenhouse. Because of this, we are facing an issue which is global warming.
The planet Earth similarly obtains warmth. This is fortunate because otherwise, we could not survive. Without the natural greenhouse effect temperatures on this planet would be around -18 degrees Celsius, not the average 15 degrees Celsius above. Freezing sunlight penetrates the gas layer of the atmosphere it’s partly absorbed and partly reflected. It is just like in a greenhouse. Small particles in the air of the planet layer ensure that a percentage of the reflected radiation is sent back to earth.
However humans caused a lot of pollution by producing large amounts of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Nitrous Oxide the small particles increase in number. The result is just like a greenhouse. Here the glass is too thick. So, an increased amount of radiation is sent back to earth. Because of this heat is unable to escape causing temperatures to rise constantly on the planet.
What can we do?
We have to create social attention for protecting the environment from the effects of increasing the water level of the sea. We have to stop deforestation and have to plant more trees.