The Sixty Dome Mosque is also known as Shat Gombuj Mosque. Know the history and information of the mosque and about the Bagerhat Museum.
This mosque is situated in the Bagerhat district of Bangladesh. Bagerhat is a city of historical mosques. In the fifteenth century AD, Khan I Jahan, a saint and warrior, founded a town on the western outskirts of present-day Bagerhat. Monetary theorists believe that the city was known as Khalifatabad in the 16th century.
The city was full of mosques, ponds, mausoleum buildings, roads, and many kinds of buildings. However, most of them are extinct today.
Notable among the survivors are the Sixty Dome Mosque, Singair Mosque, Bibi Begoni Mosque, Chunakhola Mosque, Rezakhoda, and Nine Dome Mosque, Khan Jahan’s Mausoleum, Zindapir’s Samadhi Bhavan and Mosque, and Fakirbari’s Ronobijoypur Mosque.
They are spread over an area of 2.5 km in the east-west and about 6 km in the north-south.
The Sixty Dome Mosque
The Sixty Dome Mosque is situated in Bagerhat District, Bangladesh. It is a World Heritage Site of UNESCO. The sixty-domed mosque is a unique example of Muslim architecture. This mosque is the best work of Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali Rahmatullah Alaih. Now a Masjid has been build which is 201 Dome mosque. It is also beautiful but not like the amazing 60 dome mosque.
This mosque is a marvel of architecture. The mosque is located in the village of Sundarghona, about a mile and a half northwest of the tomb of Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali Rahmatullah Alaih, next to the Pirojpur-Rupsha road. The mosque is paved on the north, south, and east sides and the historic Ghora Dighi on the west side.
Inside and outside the mosque, there are various designs of architectural techniques and ornamentation of fine herbs on the red burnt clay soil. Which has caused a gathering of unimaginable beauty. There are very few such historic mosques in Bangladesh. The mosque is 160 feet long and 108 feet wide.
A brief history of the Sixty Dome Mosque history
Historians think that Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali Rahmatullah Alayh built this huge historical mosque with the help of skilled builders from Janpur. However, no acceptable information was known about the construction period and the number of participants in the construction. About two and a half thousand people can pray together in this mosque. It wasn’t just the mosque. Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali was also used as the court of Rahmatullah Alaih. It was from here that the then southern sovereign Islamic welfare state Khalifatabad was governed.
By the end of the eighteenth century, the mosque had become desolate due to carelessness and neglect. It was planned to be preserved by the Archaeological Department in 1904. Since then, the mosque has been renovated several times. The mosque was surrounded by a wall that was much damaged. The wall has been rebuilt.
The Sixty Dome Mosque naming history
Why is the name sixty domes despite having eighty-one domes with four domes in the four corners? It is normal for the question to come to mind. There are many differences in this case.
The roof (Chaad in Bengali) is made of domes. It is thought that the word changed from Chaad to Shaat (sixty in English). That is why this mosque was named Sixty Dome Mosque.
According to some, there are seven rows of domes. Where Seven is called Saat in Bengali. From this, it is thought that the name of the mosque maybe sixty domed mosques.
How many domes are in Shat Gambuj Mosque?
There are a total of 77 domes in 11 rows, 7 in east and west. In the middle row, the tops of the seven domes are square. The remaining seventy domes are round in shape.
How many pillars are in the Sixty Dome Mosque?
Inside the sixty-domed mosque, there are a total of 60 pillars, six in ten rows from east to west. The mosque is covered with stone up to four feet below the pillars so that it is not damaged by the local salty climate.
Bagerhat Museum at the Sixty Dome Mosque
Every day thousands of tourists from home and abroad flock to visit this historic mosque. At present, the Bagerhat Museum is a significant addition to the Sixty domed mosque premises. An initiative was taken to set up a museum here in 1993. The museum has twenty-eight galleries. Hundreds of relics from the time of Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali Rahmatullah Alaih are preserved here. This historic monument is open six days a week except for Saturdays.
The Sixty Dome Mosque pictures
So, this is overall information about the Sixty Dome Mosque. You can also visit this historical monument of Muslim architecture. Sorry for using these old images. The last time I visited was in 2006. We have discussed in detail its construction, naming history, domes, and pillars. I hope you like these facts.